Portable. Affordable. Powerful.   WaveNanoWaveNowxv

WaveNow, WaveNano, and WaveNowxv potentiostat / galvanostat systems are designed to be affordable, portable instruments capable of performing a wide array of electroanalytical techniques. The intended audience for these instruments are those researchers, instructors, and students who use electroanalytical chemistry as a routine tool. While many potentiostat designs feature such impressive specifications as extreme speed, extreme voltages, and over ten orders of magnitude of current measurement ranges, the reality is that even the everyday electrochemist rarely uses these capabilities. So, if you are just an everyday researcher searching for a powerful and portable potentiostat that fits into your budget as easily as it does into your carry-on baggage, then we think you will enjoy owning WaveNow, WaveNano, and WaveNowxv potentiostat/galvanostat systems.

PLEASE NOTE:  All specifications are subject to change without notice.

The WaveNow, WaveNano, and WaveNowxv potentiostat/galvanostat systems are not designed for use in experiments involving human subjects and/or the use of electrodes inside or on the surface of the human body.

The specifications below compare the WaveNow and WaveNano potentiostat systems. The principle difference between these two models is the set of current measurement ranges offered by each model. Most other specifications for the two models are identical.

Measured Current

WaveNow

Part Name
Product Name
Description
Practical Range*
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Autoranging
Accuracy
Leakage Current
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP1
WaveNow
Portable USB Potentiostat
80 nA to 100 mA
±100 mA, ±5 mA, ±200 μA, ±10 μA
3.4 μA, 170 nA, 6.8 nA, and 340 pA
Yes
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
10 pA at 25˚C
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low pass filter)

*The “practical range” of measurable currents goes from the maximum current output of the amplifier down to the current level at which noise begins to interfere with the signal. Without taking any special precautions, the noise level on the WaveNow potentiostat (~40 nA) prevents practical measurement of signals with magnitudes below approximately twice the noise level (~80 nA).

WaveNano

Part Name
Product Name
Description
Practical Range*
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Autoranging
Accuracy
Leakage Current
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP2
WaveNano
Low Current Portable USB Potentiostat
100 pA to 1 mA
±1 mA, ±50 μA, ±2 μA, and ±100 nA
34 nA, 1.7 nA, 68 pA, and 3.4 pA
Yes
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
10 pA at 25˚C
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low pass filter)

*The “practical range” of measurable currents goes from the maximum current output of the amplifier down to the current level at which noise begins to interfere with the signal. Without taking any special precautions, the noise level on the WaveNow potentiostat (~40 nA) prevents practical measurement of signals with magnitudes below approximately twice the noise level (~80 nA). However, with the WaveNano potentiostat, if you use a properly shielded cell and coaxial cell cables, it is possible to routinely measure signals as low as 100 pA.

WaveNowxv

Part Name
Product Name
Description
Practical Range*
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Autoranging
Accuracy
Leakage Current
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP3
WaveNowxv
Extended Voltage Portable USB Potentiostat
80 nA to 100 mA
±100 mA, ±5 mA, ±200 μA, ±10 μA
3.4 μA, 170 nA, 6.8 nA, and 340 pA
Yes
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
10 pA at 25˚C
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low pass filter)

*The “practical range” of measurable currents goes from the maximum current output of the amplifier down to the current level at which noise begins to interfere with the signal. Without taking any special precautions, the noise level on the WaveNow potentiostat (~40 nA) prevents practical measurement of signals with magnitudes below approximately twice the noise level (~80 nA).

Applied Current (Galvanostatic Mode)

WaveNow

Part Name
Product Name
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Accuracy
DAC Output

AFTP1
WaveNow
±100 mA, ±5 mA, ±200 μA, and ±10 μA
3.1 μA, 156 nA, 6.25 nA, and 313 pA
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits

WaveNano

Part Name
Product Name
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Accuracy
DAC Output

AFTP2
WaveNano
±1 mA, ±50 μA, ±2 μA, and ±100 nA
31 nA, 1.56 nA, 62.5 pA, and 3.13 pA
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits

WaveNowxv

Part Name
Product Name
Ranges
Resolution (at each range)
Accuracy
DAC Output

AFTP3
WaveNowxv
±100 mA, ±5 mA, ±200 μA, and ±10 μA
3.1 μA, 156 nA, 6.25 nA, and 313 pA
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits

Power Amplifier (CE Control Amplifier)

WaveNow

Part Name
Product Name
Output Current
Compliance Voltage
Speed Settings
Unity Gain Bandwidth
Rise Time

AFTP1
WaveNow
±100 mA maximum
±12.5 V
3
> 20 kHz (on “fast” speed setting)
180 V/ms (on “fast” speed setting)

WaveNano

Part Name
Product Name
Output Current
Compliance Voltage
Speed Settings
Unity Gain Bandwidth
Rise Time

AFTP2
WaveNano
±1 mA maximum
±12.5 V
3
> 20 kHz (on “fast” speed setting)
180 V/ms (on “fast” speed setting)

WaveNowxv

Part Name
Product Name
Output Current
Compliance Voltage
Speed Settings
Unity Gain Bandwidth
Rise Time

AFTP3
WaveNowxv
±100 mA maximum
±12.5 V
3
> 20 kHz (on “fast” speed setting)
180 V/ms (on “fast” speed setting)

Electrometer (Reference Electrode Follower)

Part Name
Product Name
Input Impedance
Input Current
CMRR
Bandwidth

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
> 1014 Ω in parallel with < 20 pF
< 2 pA leakage/bias current
> 50 dB at 10 kHz; 80 dB at 60 Hz
> 800 kHz (3 dB)

Applied Potential (Potentiostat Mode)

WaveNow

Part Name
Product Name
Range

Resolution
Accuracy
Thermal Drift
DAC Output
CV Scan Rate (min)
CV Scan Rate (max)

AFTP1
WaveNow
±4.0 V
125 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±1.0 mV
<0.01%/°C
16 bits
10 μV/s (125 μV step every 12.5 s)
10 V/s (10 mV step every 1.0 ms)

WaveNano

Part Name
Product Name
Range

Resolution
Accuracy
Thermal Drift
DAC Output
CV Scan Rate (min)
CV Scan Rate (max)

AFTP2
WaveNano
±4.0 V
125 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±1.0 mV
<0.01%/°C
16 bits
10 μV/s (125 μV step every 12.5 s)
10 V/s (10 mV step every 1.0 ms)

WaveNowxv

Part Name
Product Name
Range

Resolution
Accuracy
Thermal Drift
DAC Output
CV Scan Rate (min)
CV Scan Rate (max)

AFTP3
WaveNowxv
±10.0 V
312.5 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±1.0 mV
<0.01%/°C
16 bits
25 μV/s (312.5 μV step every 12.5 s)
10 V/s (10 mV step every 1.0 ms)

Measured Potential

WaveNow

Product Name
Part Number
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP1
WaveNow
±4.0 V
136 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low-pass filter)

WaveNano

Product Name
Part Number
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP2
WaveNano
±4.0 V
136 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low-pass filter)

WaveNowxv

Product Name
Part Number
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
ADC Input
Filter

AFTP3
WaveNowxv
±10.0 V
340 μV per DAC bit
±0.2% setting; ±0.05% of range
16 bits
2.5 kHz (2-pole, low-pass filter)

Additional Output Signals (Rotation Rate Control)

Part Name
Product Name
Range
Resolution

Digital On/Off Signal
Output Impedance

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
±10.5 V
5.12 mV per DAC bit (12-bit)
open drain (TTL compatible)
< 10 Ω

Data Acquisition

Part Name
Product Name
Clock Resolution
Point Interval (min)

Synchronization
Raw Point Total

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
500 ns (minimum time base)
500 μs
simultaneous current and potential input
< 10 million per experiment

Control Modes and Connections

Part Name
Product Name
Operating Modes
Cell Connections

Signal Ground Configuration
iR Compensation

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
potentiostat (POT), galvanostat (GAL), open circuit potential (OCP), zero resistance ammeter (ZRA)
working (K1), counter (CE), reference (REF), working sense (K1SENSE)
WE connects to signal ground through current range resistor; signal ground connects to USB ground
No

External Ports

Part Name
Product Name
Cell Port
Interface Port

Rotator Control Port

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
HD-15 female connector
USB Type-B connector
3-pin header connector

Accessories

Part Name
Product Name
Calibration Tools
Dummy Cell

Cell Cable

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
HD-15 loopback cell (included)
external dummy cell (included)
various designs available separately

Software and Interface Cable (included)

Part Name
Product Name
Software
Interface Type

Cable

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
Pine Research AfterMathTM Data Organizer
USB 2.0
USB A/B cable (914 mm L)

General Specifications

Part Name
Product Name
Power Input
Power Adapter

Field-Changeable Adapter Plugs
LED Indicators
Instrument Dimensions
Instrument Weight
Shipping Dimensions
Shipping Weight
Temperature Range
Humidity Range

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
5.0 VDC, 2 A (low voltage DC device)
100 to 240 VAC, 300 mA, 50 – 60 Hz
US, EU, UK, Australia (included)
Power, USB, Status
165 × 100 × 29 mm
280 g (10 oz.)
260 × 260 × 360 mm
1.4 kg (3 lb)
10˚C to 40˚C
80% RH maximum, non-condensing

Host PC Requirements (PC not included)

Part Name
Product Name
Operating System
Processor Class

Processor Speed
Physical Memory
GUI Platform
Screen Resolution

AFTP1, AFTP2, AFTP3
WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowxv
Microsoft Windows 8 (32-bit or 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit), Vista, XP (32-bit)
Pentium IV or equivalent
1 GHz or faster
512 MB or higher
Microsoft .NET 2.0
1280 × 1024 pixels recommended